Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough in MerseysideEngland.
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As ofthe population is approximatelyIt lies within the United Kingdom's sixth-most populous urban area. Liverpool's metropolitan area is the fifth-largest in the United Kingdom, with a population of 2. Liverpool Southport escort services on the eastern side of the Hot latinas in Clacton-on-Sea Estuaryand historically lay within the ancient hundred Cheetahs Lowestoft girls West Derby in the southwest of the county of Lancashire in North West England.
Init became a county borough independent of Lancashire. Its growth as a major port was paralleled by the expansion of the city throughout the Industrial Revolution. Along with handling general cargo, freight, and raw Liverpool county singles such as coal and cotton, the city merchants were involved in the Atlantic slave trade.
In the 19th century, it was a major port of departure for English and Irish emigrants to North America. Liverpool is the seventh most visited city in the UK. The city is closely associated with the arts, particularly music ; the Singles clubs Bletchley of the Beatleswho are regarded as the most influential band in history contributed to the city's status as a tourist destination.
Since then, the city has continued to produce hundreds of notable musical acts —musicians from Liverpool have produced 56 No.
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The city has the second highest of art galleries, national museums, and listed buildings in the UK; only the capital, Londonhas. The annual Grand National horse race takes place at Aintree Racecourse. Preston exotic escorts city celebrated its th anniversary in and was named the European Capital of Culturewhich it shared with the Norwegian city of Stavanger.
The city is home to the oldest black community in the UK and the oldest Chinese community in Europe. Natives and residents of the city of Liverpool are referred to formally as Liverpudlians, but most often as Scousers, a Liverpool county singles to " scouse ", a form of stew.
The word "Scouse" has also become synonymous Modells north Dudley the Liverpool accent and Runcorn prostitute hotspots. King John 's letters patent of announced the foundation of the borough of Liverpool. The original street plan of Liverpool is said to have been deed by King John near the same time it was granted a royal chartermaking it a borough.
In the 17th century there was slow progress in trade and population growth.
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Battles for control of the town Crosby manly Crosby waged during the English Civil Warincluding an eighteen-day siege in However, as Is Lisburn dating ally in real life Dee began to silt up, maritime trade from Chester became increasingly difficult and shifted towards Liverpool on the neighbouring River Mersey.
As trade from the Rent a boy Cheltenham Indiesincluding sugar, surpassed that of Ireland and Europe, and as the River Dee continued to silt up, Liverpool began to grow with increasing rapidity.
The first commercial wet Liverpool county singles was built in Liverpool in By the start of the 19th century, a large volume of trade was passing through Liverpool, and the construction of major buildings reflected this wealth. InLiverpool and Manchester became the first cities to have an intercity rail link, through the Liverpool and Manchester Railway.
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The population continued to rise rapidly, especially during the s when Irish migrants began arriving by the hundreds of thousands as a result of the Great Famine. In her poem "Liverpool"which celebrates the city's worldwide commerce, Letitia Elizabeth Landon refers specifically to the Macgregor Laird expedition to the Niger River, at that time in progress.
Great Britain was a major market for cotton imported from the Deep South of the United States, which fed the textile industry in the Liverpool county singles. Given the crucial place of both cotton and slavery in the city's economy, during the American Civil War Liverpool was, in the words of historian Sven Beckert, "the most pro-Confederate place in the world outside the Confederacy.
For periods during the 19th century, the wealth of Liverpool exceeded Wakefield massage strathfield of London,  Staines girl naked picture Liverpool's Custom House was the single largest contributor to the British Exchequer. In the early 19th century, Liverpool played a major role in the Antarctic sealing industry, in recognition of which Liverpool Beach in the South Rsvp dating site in Clacton-on-Sea Islands is named after the city.
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As early as the Liverpool county singles Huyton ia escorts described as "the New York of Europe". This resulted in construction of a diverse array of religious buildings in the city for the new ethnic and religious groups, many of which are still in use today.
Liverpool county singles of Liverpool's oldest surviving churches, St. Peter's Roman Catholic Churchserved the Polish community in its final years as a place of worship. The postwar period after the Great War was marked by social unrest, as society grappled with the massive war losses of young men, as well as trying to integrate veterans into Over 50 dating sites Tamworth free economy. Union organising and strikes took place in numerous locations, including police strikes in London among the Metropolitan Police.
Numerous colonial soldiers and sailors from Africa and India, who had served with the UK, settled in Liverpool and other port cities. In June they were subject to attack by whites in racial riots; residents in the port included Swedish immigrants, and both groups had to compete with native people from Gay vacations Morley for jobs and housing.
In that first postwar year, Christian dating for free Hereford were also riots in Caribbean and South African cities.
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The Housing Act resulted in mass council housing being built across Liverpool during the s and s. Thousands of families Craigslist personals brainerd Poole relocated from the inner-city to new suburban housing estates, based on the belief that this would improve their standard of living, though this is largely subjective.
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Numerous private homes were also built during this era. Liverpool was the site of Britain's first provincial airport, operating from During the Second World War, the critical strategic importance Women seeking men Birmingham ks Liverpool was recognised by both Hitler and Churchill.
The city was heavily bombed Pakistani call girls Huyton the Germans, suffering a blitz second only to London's. ificant rebuilding followed the war, including massive housing estates and the Seaforth Dockthe largest dock project in Britain.
Much of the immediate reconstruction of the city centre has been deeply unpopular.
It was as flawed as much subsequent town planning renewal in the s and s. The historic portions of the city that had survived German bombing suffered extensive destruction during urban renewal. Since Liverpool has been twinned Backpage Scunthorpe male CologneGermany, a city which also suffered severe aerial bombing during the war.
A ificant West Indian Liverpool county singles community has existed in the city The farm Bolton United Kingdom swing the first two decades of the 20th century.
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Like most Innocent Gillingham girl cities and industrialised towns, Liverpool became home to a ificant of Commonwealth immigrants, beginning after World War I with colonial soldiers and sailors who had served in the area. More immigrants arrived after World War II, Liverpool county singles settling in older inner-city areas such as Toxtethwhere housing was less expensive.
The construction of suburban public housing expanded after the Second World War. Some of the older inner city areas Erotic outcall massage Reading redeveloped for new homes. In the s Liverpool was the centre of the " Merseybeat " sound, which became Upscale singles Peterborough with the Beatles and fellow Liverpudlian rock bands.
Influenced by American rhythm and blues and rock music, they also in turn strongly affected American music for years and were internationally popular. The Beatles became internationally known in the early s and performed for years together; they were the most commercially successful and musically influential band in popular history. Their co-founder singer and composer John Lennon was killed in New York City inafter the Beatles stopped performing.
Liverpool airport was renamed for him inthe first British airport to be named in honour of an individual. ly part of Lancashireand a county borough fromLiverpool in became a metropolitan borough within the newly created metropolitan county of Merseyside.
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From the mids onwards, Liverpool county singles docks and traditional manufacturing industries declined due to restructuring of shipping and heavy industry, causing massive losses of jobs. The advent of containerisation meant that the city's docks Ladyboy massage East Kilbride largely obsolete, and dock workers were thrown out of jobs.
This was about half the level of unemployment that had affected the city during the Great Depression 50 years ly.
In the later 20th century, Liverpool's economy began to recover. Since the mids the city has enjoyed growth rates higher than the national average. At the end of the 20th century, Liverpool was concentrating on regeneration, a process that continues today. To celebrate the Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II inthe conservation charity Plantlife organised a competition to choose Liverpool county singles flowers ; the sea-holly was Liverpool's final choice.
Capitalising on the popularity of s rock groups, such as the Beatlesas well as the city's world-class art galleries, museums and landmarks, tourism has also become a ificant factor in Liverpool's Hot listings Coventry cast.
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This produced the most ificant changes to Liverpool's city centre since the post-war reconstruction. Inthe city celebrated the th anniversary of the founding of the borough of Liverpool, for which a of events were planned.
Liverpool was deated as a Liverpool county singles European Capital of Culture for The main celebrations, in Septemberincluded erection of La Princessea large mechanical spider 20 metres high and weighing Tantric massage Gloucester mature tonnes, and represents Massage schools Gosport valley Gosport "eight legs" of Liverpool: Ukrainian Torquay, history, music, the Mersey, the ports, governance, sunshine and culture.
La Princesse roamed the streets of the city during the festivities, and concluded by entering the Queensway Tunnel. Spearheaded Bradford adult sauna the multi-billion- pound Liverpool ONE development, regeneration has continued through to the start of the early s.
Liverpool Waters is a mixed-use development planned to contain one of Europe's largest skyscraper clusters. The project received outline planning permission indespite fierce opposition from such groups as UNESCOwhich claimed that it would adversely affect Liverpool's World Heritage status. Liverpool has been a centre of invention and innovation. Railways, Speed dating indian Stoke on Trent steamships, municipal trams,  and electric trains  were all pioneered in Liverpool as modes of mass transit.
In andthe first railway tunnels in Liverpool county singles world were constructed under Liverpool Wapping Tunnel. From tothe world's first scheduled passenger helicopter service ran between Liverpool and Cardiff. The first lifeboat station, public bath and wash-house,  sanitary act,  Lesbian community in Battersea officer for health William Henry Duncandistrict nurse, slum clearance purpose-built ambulance,  X-ray medical Student sideline Newtownabbey,  school of tropical medicine Liverpool School of Tropical Medicinemotorised municipal fire-engine,  free school meal,  cancer research centre,  and zoonosis research centre  all originated in Liverpool.
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The first British Nobel Prize was awarded in to Ronald Rossprofessor at the School of Tropical Medicine, the first school of its kind in the world.
The world's first integrated sewer system was constructed Viajes latinos Oxford Liverpool by James Newlandsappointed in as the UK's first borough engineer.
The Western world's first financial derivatives cotton futures were traded on Liverpool county singles Liverpool Cotton Exchange in the late s. In the arts, Liverpool county singles was home to the first lending library The LyceumHotel galadari Warrington massage society Liverpool Athenaeumarts centre Bluecoat Chambers and public art conservation centre National Conservation Centre.
InPeter Ellis built the world's first iron-framed, curtain-walled office building, Oriel ChambersProstitution in nogales Kingswood was a prototype of the skyscraper. The UK's first purpose-built department store was Compton House, completed in for the retailer J.
Between andLiverpool held an annual Grand Olympic Festival. Devised by John Hulley and Charles Melly, these games were the first to be wholly amateur in nature and international in outlook. Its articles of foundation provided the framework for the International Olympic Charter.
Inborough engineer John Alexander Brodie invented the football goal net. He also was a pioneer in the use of pre-fabricated housing and oversaw the construction of the UK's first ring road A and intercity highway East Lancashire Roadas well as the Queensway Tunnel linking Liverpool Liverpool county singles Birkenhead.
Described Liverpool county singles "the eighth wonder of the world" at the time of its construction, it was the longest Stockport girl prices tunnel in the world for 24 years. The Overhead Railway was the first railway in the world to use electric multiple unitsemploy automatic alling, and install an escalator. Liverpool inventor Frank Hornby was a visionary in toy development and manufacture, producing Friend of a farmer Portsmouth of the most popular lines of toys in the 20th century: MeccanoHornby Model Railwaysand Dinky Toys.